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The Human Epigenetic Drug Database (HEDD) is a comprehensive web-based database for epigenetic drugs, which focuses on the storage and integration of epigenetic drug datasets that were obtained from laboratory experiments that is essential for understanding the mechanism of action of these epigenetic drugs at a systematic level.

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SMYD2 specificly regulate BIX-01294 induced TP53 target genes revealed by RNA-Seq

Drug Name:BIX-01294
Drug Category:HMTi
Sample Type:human LHCT116 cells
Condition:healthy
Experiment Type:Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Experiment Platform:GPL16791 Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Homo sapiens)
Description:Transcription regulation emerged to be one of the key mechanisms in regulating autophagy. Inhibitors of H3K9 methylation activates the expression of LC3B, as well as other autophagy-related genes, and promotes autophagy process. In this study, we performed a drug screen of SMYD2-/- cells and discovered that SMYD2 deficiency enhanced the cell death induced by BIX01294, an inhibitor of histone H3K9 methylation. BIX-01294 induces accumulation of LC3 II and autophagy-related cell death, but not caspase-dependent apoptosis. We profiled the global gene expression pattern after treatment with BIX-01294, in comparison with rapamycin. BIX-01294 selectively activates the downstream genes of p53 signaling, such as p21 and DOR, but not PUMA, a typical p53 target gene inducing apoptosis. BIX-01294 also induces other autophagy-related genes, such as ATG4A and ATG9A. SMYD2 is a methyltransferase for p53 and regulates its transcription activity. Its deficiency enhances the BIX-01294-induced autophagy-related cell death through transcriptionally promoting the expression of p53 target genes. Taken together, our data suggest BIX-01294 induces autophagy-related cell death and selectively activates p53 target genes, which is repressed by SMYD2 methyltransferase.
PubmedID:25562686
Citation:Fan JD; Lei PJ; Zheng JY;Wang X; Li S; Liu H;He YL; Wang ZN;Wei G; Zhang X; Li LY; Wu M. The selective activation of p53 target genes regulated by SMYD2 in BIX-01294 induced autophagy-related cell death. PLoS One 2015;10(1):e0116782.
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The Human Epigenetic Drug Database (HEDD) is a comprehensive web-based database for epigenetic drugs, which focuses on integrating epigenetic drug studies based Omics data from high through experiments that is essential for understanding the mechanism of action of these epigenetic drugs at a systematic level.

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©2016 Group of Computational Epigenomics and Bioinformatics, College of Life Science, Jilin Normal University, China

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